Journal cover Journal topic
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA
Journal topic
Articles | Volume 3
Adv. Cartogr. GIScience Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 3, 9, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-adv-3-9-2021
Adv. Cartogr. GIScience Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 3, 9, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-adv-3-9-2021

  29 Nov 2021

29 Nov 2021

Definition of the Map

Miljenko Lapaine1, Terje Midtbø2, Georg Gartner3, Temenoujka Bandrova4, Tao Wang5, and Jie Shen6 Miljenko Lapaine et al.
  • 1University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy, Croatia
  • 2Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Geomatics group, Norway
  • 3Technische Universität Wien, Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, Austria
  • 4University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 5Geographic Information Science, Capital Normal University, China
  • 6Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment (Nanjing Normal University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China

Keywords: map definition, mapping, cartography, cartographer

Abstract. Cartography has undergone great changes in the last 40 years. Many web platforms and location-based services are offering increasing opportunities, paper maps have been largely supplemented by multimedia and digital maps, and spatial databases. The definition of a map has changed throughout history and the differences in their definitions are presented. This paper aims for new central cartographic definitions, corresponding to contemporary cartographic development after presenting the current situation of the topic. Definitions of cartographic mapping, cartography and cartographer are proposed, as well as a new definition of the map. All they are made on the base of logical analyses including different types of maps from traditional and real to virtual, 3D, animation, and digital.

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