Journal cover Journal topic
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA
Journal topic
Articles | Volume 3
Adv. Cartogr. GIScience Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 3, 13, 2021
Adv. Cartogr. GIScience Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 3, 13, 2021

  29 Nov 2021

29 Nov 2021

Finite mixtures of normal distributions in the study of the error in altimetry

José Rodríguez-Avi1 and Francisco Javier Ariza-López2 José Rodríguez-Avi and Francisco Javier Ariza-López
  • 1Department of Statistics and Operational Research, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
  • 2Department of Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and Photogrammetry, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

Keywords: DEM, Positional Accuracy, Data Quality, Altimetric Errors, Statistical Modelling

Abstract. The modelling of the altimetric error is proposed by means of the mixture of normal distributions. This alternative allows to avoid the problems of lack of normality of the altimetric error and that have been indicated numerous times. The conceptual bases of the mixture of distributions are presented and its application is demonstrated with an applied example. In the example, the altimetric errors existing between a DEM with 5 × 5 m resolution and another DEM with 2 × 2 m resolution are modelled, which is considered as a reference. The application demonstrates the feasibility and power of analysis of the proposal made.

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